Acne Prone Skin: Symptoms, Types of Acne, Diagnosis & 9 Treatment

  • The problem of acne arises when the production of oil that comes out of the skin increases but the spread of skin cells decreases.

Any age group might experience acne problems, which are a prevalent skin condition. People with oily skin are more bothered by this issue and take it more seriously as a result.

Many people think that eating too much fried food causes this problem, but do you know that this skin disorder occurs due to inflammation of the oil-producing glands and hair follicles inside our skin.

Hair follicles are present under our skin. These follicles, which aid in the creation of hair, are composed of many tissue-like structures found in our skin. Lets Know more about acne scars, its symptoms, types, way of diagnosing and treatment.

What is Acne?, Acne Symptoms and Treatments

Acne jpg

Acne occurs when the sebaceous glands, when producing oil, moisturize your skin as well as your hair. The problem of this skin disorder arises when the production of oil that comes out of the skin increases but the spread of skin cells decreases. This syndrome causes the skin cells to become blocked, where the oil is present to remain.

Due to the accumulation of oil in the skin cells, the bacteria present in the hair follicles also clog the pores, resulting in inflammation and acne.

Acne1 jpg

When people are young, pimples can appear on both boys and girls, and it is not true that people who are 40 to 50 years old can not have pimples. At any age, they can use you as a victim. Let’s learn how simple it is to get rid of them.

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Symptoms of Acne (Pimples), Diagnosing Acne, Effective Treatments

On your skin, pimples might show up as pus or as little pustules that have developed. These clots keep increasing their size. The face, neck, shoulders, chest, and upper back are among the facial regions where this skin disorder is more prevalent due to the increased activity of the oil glands.

Acne Causes and Risk Factors

Causes:

Generally speaking, a rise in androgen hormone levels causes of this skin disorder. This hormone expands the size of the oil glands, increasing oil output in the process. When the bacteria present on our skin work to absorb this oil, then irritation starts in our skin and due to this our pores get blocked and acne comes.

  1. The use of hair products like hair pomades, thick lotions or creams, waxes, etc., can also result in pimples.
  2. Hormone levels in women rise and fall during pregnancy or menstruation
  3. Pressure on the skin while playing while wearing a helmet or cap
  4. An environment with high humidity levels
  5. Air pollution
  6. Working in a setting with slick surfaces, such as a restaurant
  7. Excessive use of birth control pills
  8. An environment with high humidity levels
  9. Air pollution
  10. Lack of cleanliness or an unhealthy diet don’t cause acne. Remember that frequent face cleaning might also cause acne.

Acne Risk Factors

This skin condition is more common in teenagers and young people. Although, it can occur in any age group but this skin disorder problem is more common in males during adolescence and prominent in females during adulthood.

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Types of Acne (Pimples)

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There are six different forms of acne, each of which is characterised by the presence of blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and ulcers.

1. Whiteheads

Whiteheads develop when oil and dead skin cells clog pores.

2. Blackheads

Blackheads are stubborn dark spots on your skin that occur when skin pores get clogged due to dead skin cells and excess oil. When exposed to air, the oil that is contained in these pores turns black.

3. Pimples

These tiny red bumps on your skin that resemble white tips are a sort of pimple. As the name implies, pus is present within pimples.

4. Tiny Clots (Papules)

These tiny red clots appear when you touch your face excessively and hurt when you do.

5. Cyst

The most severe kind of acne, a cyst is a huge lump packed with pus that can leave permanent scars on your skin.

6. Nodules

These are quite firm and deeply buried in your skin.

Diagnosis

Usually, a doctor can identify this skin disorder only by looking at your skin. After determining the type of acne and its frequency, the doctor can advise you on the best course of action.

Let us tell you that some other problems on the skin appear like pimples, due to which the method of treatment may be different. These conditions necessitate an alternative treatment plan, such as:

1- Rosaceae

2- Folliculitis

Prevention and Acne Scar Treatment

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Prevention

It is difficult to prevent pimples caused by normal hormonal changes in the body, but it is not impossible at all. You can reduce the chances of getting pimples by:

  • Use warm water and a gentle face cleanser to wash your face every day.
  • Use moisturizer regularly.
  • Avoid touching the face.
  • People who wear makeup should use products labeled “non-comedogenic” so that the product won’t clog your pores. It’s crucial to take off your makeup before bed.

Acne Scar Treatment

Your doctor may recommend acne scar treatment treatment based on these factors:

1- Age of the affected person

2- Type of acne

3- Where are the pimples

4- How come acne

5- Have done any treatment in the past

6- How visible are the dark spots or marks caused by this skin disorder.

Your doctor may recommend topical medications such as gels, creams, lotions, or solutions to apply to your skin to treat acne.

Acne Medication:

If you want to get some information about acne medication, the Major Medicines Prescribed by the Doctor include(It is always advisable to take medicines on a certified Doctor prescription):

1. Benzoyl Peroxide (to kill bacteria)

2. Retinoids like Tazarotene, Tretinoin and Adapalene to prevent new acne from coming back.

3. Antibiotics such as erythromycin and clindamycin to slow the growth of acne-causing bacteria.

4. Salicylic acid to clear oil and dead skin cells filled with whiteheads and blackheads.

5. Other medicines- Dapsone and Azelaic acid.

Changes in Lifestyle can Reduce Acne:

Pimple Treatment at Home:

There are several home remedies that can help with pimple treatment at home. And, If you are not following a good skin care routine, then definitely you can become a victim of this skin disorder. If you are looking for pimple treatment at home, it is important that you follow a proper skin care routine. Or implement the following lifestyle measures to avoid acne outbreaks:

1- At least twice a day, wash your face. Additionally, cleanse your face as quickly as you can after perspiring.

2- Always use gentle, alcohol free products on the skin. Exfoliants, astringents, and toners should not be used as they can irritate the skin.

3- Don’t scrub the skin.

4- Use your fingers instead of a gauze cloth or washcloth to apply the cleanser.

5- Always use lukewarm water to wash your face.

6- Leave the habit of touching the face repeatedly throughout the day.

7- People with oily hair should routinely shampoo.

8- Avoid going outside in the sun if any type of medication has been used to treat your acne because some medications make your skin more sensitive to UV light.

9- Do not try to squeeze or pop pimples as these can take longer time to heal and can cause scars.

Diagnosis and Complications.

1. Diagnosis

The right treatment can prevent this skin condition from coming back and help fade away scars on the face. However, the acne medication may take weeks or even months for better results.

2. Complications

Severe acne can leave lifelong physical scars. These marks can cause you to have low self-esteem and prevent you from participating in social gatherings and sporting activities.

Alternative Treatment for Acne

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To cure this skin condition, your doctor may recommend using these therapies:

1- Dermabrasion

In this procedure, the top layer of skin is removed with the help of an electrical machine, which also helps to conceal scars. This whole process is called dermabrasion.

2- Steroids

Steroids may be used by a doctor to treat severe this skin disorder or bigger tumours.

3- Chemical Peel

In order to lessen acne scarring, the doctor could suggest a chemical peel. In this, special chemicals are used to remove the top layer of your skin, hence the name chemical peel treatment.

4- Laser

In this whole process, mainly the removal of acne scars is treated. Special laser technology is used in this. In this process, heat is applied to the skin to encourage the growth of new skin cells.

5- Light and Heat Energy Therapy

This therapy is done to destroy the acne-causing bacteria.

6- Dermal Filler Injections

Dermal filler injections, injected just under the skin, help restore the skin’s collagen and treat this skin condition.

7- Phototherapy / Blue Light Therapy

This therapy is used to reduce acne-causing bacteria, in which a blue light is used on the skin.

8- Punch Grafts

In this, your healthy skin is replaced with the affected skin.

9- Autologous Fat Transfer

In this treatment process, the fat of the skin below the scar is moved from one place to another. In this treatment process, skin blemishes caused by severe acne scars are corrected.

Disclaimer : The article’s sole purpose is to wake you up for your health and to provide you the best collective and verified information. We do not recommend for any kind of medicine or treatment. You should only seek to your Doctor or Medical Counselor Because there is no one better than him.

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