Scabies: Symptoms, Types, Treatment & More

Skin is the largest organ of our body which acts like a cloth to protect the internal organs of our body. Along with other physical problems, skin related problems are most prone to occur, so we take care of our skin more than other organs. There are many types of skin related diseases and infections in which scabies is also one which is caused by a parasite. Scabies is discussed in detail in this article.

Through this current article, you can know all the things related to scabies symptoms, scabies causes, scabies types and the most important scabies treatment.

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What is Scabies?

Scabies is a skin disease caused by the Sarcoptes scabiei var hominis mite. These tiny insects tunnel under your skin and cause small red bumps and severe itching. Scabies spreads easily from person to person, especially among people who live together. If one family member has scabies, a doctor should examine and treat other family members and close contacts at the same time.

Scabies is also known as sarcoptic mange. Animals can get scabies too, but the mites are a little different. Typically, the mites infesting pets cannot adapt to live on humans. However, you may have some sort of reaction to the mites on your pet.

How Many Types of Scabies?

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The different types of scabies include the following:-

1. Crusted (Norwegian)

This type often occurs in people with defective immune system. This produces crusted areas covering a large area of the skin. If you have crusted scabies, you may have millions of mites instead of the 10 to 15 mites with classic scabies.

2. Nodular

This type is more common in children. The brownish-red nodules may persist long after the mite is gone.

3. Bullous

In adults, this type of scabies can be mistaken for bullous pemphigoid, another condition involving skin blisters.

4. Scalp

This type occurs on your scalp and may not have any symptoms other than scales that look like psoriasis.

Read Also : Know More About Skin Diseases?

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Scabies?

Signs and symptoms of scabies include:

Scabies, often severe and usually worse at night.

Thin, irregular welts made of small blisters or bumps on your skin.

Burrows or tracks are usually visible in the folds of the skin. Although almost any part of the body can be involved, scabies is most often found in adults and older children:

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• Between the fingers

Beside

Around the waist

Along the inner sides of the wrists

On the inner elbow

On the soles of the feet

Around the breasts

Around the male penis or groin area (in men this is usually where symptoms start)

• On the buttocks

• On Knees

In infants and young children, common sites of infection usually include:

• Skull

• Palms of the hands

• Sole of the feet

The signs and symptoms of scabies may appear within a few days if you’ve previously had them. If you’ve never had scabies, it can take up to six weeks for signs and symptoms to start. Even if you have no symptoms or indications of scabies currently, you can still spread the disease.

Where do scabies mites live on your body?

Scabies mites live in the folds and crevices of your skin. These parasites live in the following places of your body: –

Fold in between the fingers and toes.

Folds in your thighs and genital area.

Leans on his wrists and knees.

The area around your waist.

Under the nails.

Under Rings, see Bands and Bracelets.

The area around your nipples.

Read Also : Periodontitis (Gum Disease) – Symptoms and Home Remedies

What are the causes of getting scabies?

The minuscule eight-legged mite that causes scabies in people is tiny. The female mite creates a tunnel just below your skin, where she lays her eggs.
When the eggs hatch, the mite larvae make their way to the skin’s surface, where they develop and have the potential to spread to other parts of your skin or the skin of other individuals. Your body’s allergic response to the mites, their eggs, and their excrement causes the itch of scabies.

Close physical contact and, less frequently, sharing clothing or bedding with an infected person can spread the mite. Animals and humans are all affected by mites of their own species. Each species prefers a specific type of host and does not live too far from that preferred host.

Exposure to the scabies mite from animals can cause a temporary reaction on the skin of humans. But people generally cannot develop full-blown scabies from this source, as they can from contact with a human scabies mite.

What is the Treatment For Scabies?

Treatment for scabies involves eliminating the infection with medications. A prescription from a doctor is required for several creams and lotions. Your doctor will probably tell you to apply the medicine to your entire body, from the neck down, and to leave the medicine on for at least eight to 10 hours. Some treatments need to be applied again, and others may need to be repeated if fresh rashes and bills develop.

Because scabies spreads so easily, your doctor will probably recommend treatment for all household members and other close contacts, even if they don’t show any symptoms of scabies.

Medicines commonly prescribed for scabies include the following:-

1. Permethrin Cream

Permethrin is a topical cream that contains chemicals that kill scabies mites and their eggs. The prevailing consensus is that it is safe for adults, expectant mothers, and kids 2 months and older.

2. Ivermectin (Stromectol)

Doctors may prescribe this oral medication for people with an altered immune system, for people with crusted scabies, or for people who do not respond to prescription lotions and creams. Ivermectin is not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding, or for children who weigh less than 33 pounds (15 kilograms).

3. Crotamiton (Eurax, Crotan)

This medicine is available in the form of cream or lotion. It is applied once a day for two days. The safety of this drug has not been established in children, adults 65 years of age and older, or pregnant or nursing women. Treatment failure has been reported repeatedly with crotamiton.

Although these medicines kill the mites immediately, you may find that the scabies does not clear up completely for several weeks. Doctors may prescribe other topical medications, such as sulfur mixed in petrolatum, for people who do not respond to or cannot use these medications.

Along with medicines, the patient also needs to take special care of cleanliness. Having scabies, the patient is advised to avoid coming in contact with other people, because this skin disease spreads easily from one person to another.

Can Scabies be Prevented?

To prevent re-infestation and to keep the mites from spreading to other people, take these steps:

1. Clean all Clothes and Linen

Use hot, soapy water to wash all clothes, towels and bedding used within three days before starting treatment. Dry with high heat. Items you can’t wash at home can be dry-cleaned.

2. Starve the Mites

Consider placing items that you cannot wash in a sealed plastic bag and leave it outside in your garage for a couple of weeks. Without food, the mites die after a few days.

Difference Between Scabies and Eczema?

Both scabies and eczema cause itchy, red sores on your skin. Scabies, on the other hand, is brought on by a parasite, a mite that enters your body. There are occasionally patterns that resemble the lines found between banknotes.

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A rash with an unknown aetiology is called eczema. It may come and go seasonally. It may appear as red spots or weeping blisters. Unlike scabies, eczema is not contagious. Treatments for eczema are made to control your symptoms. Treatments for scabies get the mites off your body.

If you have a red and scabies rash, contact your healthcare provider. Catching scabies as soon as you can can help you avoid spreading the disease to others. If it’s eczema, your provider can suggest treatments that will help with your symptoms.

(Disclaimer: This article is for general information only. It is just to wake you up for your health purpose. Out intension is not to mislead or It cannot in any way be a substitute for any medicine or treatment. Always contact your doctor for more details.)

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