What is Trauma? Its Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Trauma can happen due to a terrible event like an accident, rape or a natural disaster. It is a kind of emotional response. Immediately after the event, feelings of shock and abandonment are common. Unpredictable emotions, memories, strained relationships, and even physical symptoms like headaches and nausea all be long-term effects of It. Although, such feelings are quite common, but some people are not able to move forward by getting rid of them. In such a situation, psychologists help them and help them move forward in a constructive way by getting control over their emotions.

What is Trauma? Its Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

It is not even that every person who feels stress goes into it. Not only this, there are many types of trauma. Some people develop some such symptoms of trauma, which go away within a few weeks, while some people may take a long time to recover from trauma. With the help of treatment, the cause of trauma can be detected and measures can be found to get rid of its symptoms.

In this article, we will give information about different types of trauma, symptoms of trauma and methods of treatment.

Understanding Trauma

As we said above, it is an emotional reaction after a terrible event. It can affect a person’s life even for a short time and long term effects can also be seen. He may feel helpless, shocked and overwhelmed. Even the person may have problems in expressing his feelings. Physical symptoms can also develop due to trauma. It can also have a long time effect on a person’s development. If the symptoms persist for a long time and their severity does not decrease with time, then it is a sign that the trauma has now turned into a mental health disorder Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).

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Types of Trauma, Symptoms and Causes, Healing Approaches

1. Acute Trauma

This caused by a stressful or dangerous event.

2. Chronic

Chronic trauma occurs due to repeated and prolonged exposure to highly stressful events. Child abuse, bullying and domestic violence are examples of this.

3. Complex

Complex trauma can occur due to many stressful and dangerous events happening simultaneously.

4. Secondary or Vicarious

If a person is going through a condition, then the symptoms developing in the person living very close to him, such is called secondary or vicarious trauma. Vicarious can occur in people who have a family member who has experienced trauma, or in health care workers who are helping a patient. Its symptoms are similar to PTSD.

Symptoms of Trauma

The symptoms can range from mild to very severe. How much a traumatic event affects a person depends on a number of factors. These include the characteristics, the presence of other mental health conditions, previous exposure to traumatic events, the type of event or events and their characteristics, the individual’s background and attitudes to handling emotions, as well as emotional and psychological responses.

  • Denying the truth
  • Anger means getting angry
  • Being sad all the time
  • Being shy without any reason
  • Feeling confused
  • Worrying unnecessarily
  • Having depression
  • Body numbness
  • Feeling guilty
  • Expressions of despair
  • Being irritable
  • Having trouble concentrating on a task

People going through sometimes suddenly burst emotionally. Sometimes it becomes difficult for them to control their emotions and sometimes they keep distance from others. People going through may repeatedly go into flashbacks, so that they remember that terrible event again. Not only this, scary dreams are also common in this problem.

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Physical Responses

  • Along with emotional reactions, physical symptoms are also seen. As –
  • Having a headache
  • Symptoms related to digestion
  • Feeling tired (fatigue)
  • Fast heartbeat (racing heart)
  • Sweating

Sometimes the person feels over excited. In such a situation, he remains alert all the time. Due to excessive excitement and alertness, it becomes difficult for them to sleep. It also affects the mental state of the person. Apart from suffering from depression, anxiety, he can also be addicted to drugs.


There can be many reasons. Here we are telling about some of the main reasons –

  • Bullying
  • Being harassed
  • Physical, mental or sexual abuse
  • Sexual assault
  • Accident in traffic
    Childbirth is also a reason
  • Afflicted with a fatal illness
  • Sudden death of a loved one
  • Being the victim of an attack
  • Being kidnapped by someone
  • Getting caught in a terrorist incident
  • Experiencing a natural disaster
  • Being in a war-torn area
  • Seeing something terrible happen to someone

How to Recover from Situation?

You can’t change what happened, but you can try to get back to living a normal life. Doing this is very important not only for your physical and mental health, but also for social life.

● Start a routine as soon as possible ● Talk about this with family members, friends.
● Keep your attitude positive.
● Watch comedy movies and shows. Spend time with family, read, listen and tell jokes.
● Do deep breathing, yoga and meditation for at least 30 minutes daily.
● Try to get 7 to 9 hours of sleep.
● Avoid consumption of alcohol and smoking.

This can increase symptoms of such as depression, anxiety, and feelings of loneliness.

When to Visit Psychologist or Psychiatrist if

● You are unable to overcome sadness, anxiety or depression.
● Six weeks after the traumatic event, you still feel that you are not normal.
● You can’t sleep well at night and you have nightmares.
● Your behavior is not good with people close to you.

Emotional and Psychological Symptoms of Trauma

Some such incidents happen in the lives of many people, which shake their lives. Not only do they get hurt physically, they also get broken mentally. For some people, multiple are so deep that they feel lonely, helpless and unsafe. It can show many emotional and psychological symptoms.

● Shock or disbelief
● Anger, irritability, mood swings.
● Guilt, shame, self-blame.
● Feeling sad or helpless.
● Confusion, trouble concentrating.
● Excitement and fear.
● Being isolated from people.
● To become emotionless.

Do not Become a Victim of Mental Trauma

Emotional trauma need not necessarily be accompanied by physical trauma, but every deep physical trauma brings with it mental trauma. Therefore it is very important that emotional trauma is understood and treated immediately. Post care includes medications, interventional surgeries, and psychotherapy. Treatment is prescribed according to the causes of the trauma. If it is related to a terminal illness, then the patient is treated with medicines and psychotherapy.

Several psychotherapies, also known as talk therapies, are used to treat emotional trauma. It is employed in the treatment of both adults and children.

Treatment of Trauma

Symptoms can be relieved through a variety of treatment procedures. Also, this raises their standard of living.

  • Therapy is used first to deal
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing
  • Somatic therapy
  • Acupoint Stimulation
  • Touch Therapy

Cognitive Therapy

In this talk therapy, you are helped to identify your way of thinking. In this you are made to realize that your quality of life is being affected due to negative thinking.

Exposure Therapy

In this therapy, you are helped to safely face the situation that you fear, so that you can learn how to cope with it effectively.

One dimension of exposure therapy is virtual reality programs, in which you are placed in the setting in which you experienced the trauma.

Group Therapy

In this, a group of people is formed who are going through similar experiences.


Many medicines help in recovering from it, such as anti depressants, anti anxiety medication, medicines taken for insomnia.

Disclaimer : The article’s sole purpose is to provide you best collective and verified information. We do not recommend you any kind of medicine, treatment. You should only seek doctor or medical counselor Because there is no one better than him.

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