PCOD and PCOS: Causes, Symptoms, & 7 Effective Treatment

  • Unraveling the Secrets of PCOD and PCOS: A Comprehensive Guide to Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Women have to face many types of problems due to imbalance in hormones, PCOD is also one of them. The full form of PCOD is Polycystic Ovary Disorder. The level of male hormone i.e. androgen increases in the body of a woman suffering from this disorder and cysts start forming in the ovaries.
If you want to know in detail about the causes, symptoms and home remedies for polycystic ovary disorder, then this blog is important for you.

PCOD TReatment

Unraveling PCOD and PCOS:

What is PCOD?

PCOD is a common problem in women, the main reason for which is the imbalance of hormones. Imbalance in hormones can be due to many reasons such as obesity, consumption of alcohol-cigarettes, consumption of excessive oily and spicy things, suffering from health related problems etc.

Due to PCOD, a woman has to face many health related problems such as irregular menstruation, periods not coming, facial hair and acne, pelvic pain and in some cases the woman has difficulty in conceiving i.e. infertility.

What are the Symptoms of PCOD?

PCOD and PCOS Symptoms

Like other problems, PCOD also has some symptoms that a woman suffering from this disorder may experience in herself. Only with the help of symptoms, the woman or the doctor can guess that the woman has this disease or not.

The main symptoms of PCOD include the following:

1. Menstrual Problems:

The main symptom of PCOD is considered to be oligomenorrhea (fewer than 9 periods in a year) or amenorrhea (absence of periods for 3 or more consecutive months). Although associated with menstruation
Other problems such as irregular periods or prolonged painful periods can also be a symptom.

2. Infertility:

PCOD is one of the main symptoms of infertility in women. Irregular periods due to which there is a problem of infertility in women by becoming an ovulation cyst.

3. Extra Hair on the Body:

During this problem, the production of male hormones (androgens) in the female body increases, due to which along with acne, unwanted hair starts growing on the face and body, as well as thinning or hair loss are some other symptoms.

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4. Weight Gain:

PCOD and PCOS Symptoms weight

Women with this disease, also have increased levels of serum insulin, insulin resistance, and homocysteine, which point to underlying weight problems. Due to which women with PCOS have to face weight problems.


  • Irregular Periods
  • Extra hair on the body
  • Hair thinning and loss
  • Pelvic pain
  • Oily skin
  • Increase in Blood Pressure
  • Insomnia
  • Feeling tTired
  • Headache
  • Sudden change in Mood

Apart from all this, women suffering from this disease, also have to face the problem of increased blood pressure, sleeplessness and headache. Not only this, women suffering from this disease also face difficulties in conceiving. If you have PDOD and want to conceive, you must consult a fertility specialist.

What are the Causes of PCOD?


There are many reasons for polycystic ovary syndrome, such as mainly unhealthy lifestyle, not doing exercise, yoga or meditation, and showing carelessness in eating etc. In addition, other reasons may include:

1. Increasing Amount of Insulin:

When the amount of insulin increases, more androgens are produced. This causes a hormonal imbalance which increases the chances of infertility in women.

2. Genes:

This disease is hereditary, many times women get it from their family. Along with other reasons like:

  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • Unhealthy lifestyle
  • Not eating Nutritious Food
  • Imbalance in Periods
  • High Amount of Insulin in the Body
  • Excessive Consumption of Cigarettes and Alcohol
  • Genetic Factors

These also can be cause of this disease

  • Weight gain ie obesity
  • Periods imbalance due to some reason
  • In some cases genetic cause
  • High level of insulin in the woman’s body
  • Using cigarettes, alcohol or drugs
  • Not including nutritious things in the diet

There can be other reasons for PCOD like waking up late in the night and then sleeping late, being under stress or suffering from any hormone related problem etc.

Keeping the above reasons in mind, the risk can be reduced if certain precautions are taken.

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PCOD Side-Effects

If PCOD is not controlled on time, it can lead to many problems. As:

  • Infertility
  • Diabetes
  • Liver inflammation
  • Depression
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Endometrial cancer (cancer of the lining of the uterus)
  • In rare cases, breast cancer

How to Diagnose PCOD?

diagnosis of pcod

There is no specific test to specifically diagnose of PCOD. The doctor may begin with a discussion of your symptoms, medications, and any other medical conditions you may have. The doctor may also ask about your menstrual periods and any changes in weight. Also, a physical exam can check for signs of excess hair growth, insulin resistance, and acne.

The doctor may suggest the following tests for PCOD test:

1. Pelvic Exam

During a pelvic exam, the doctor may check your reproductive organs for masses, growths, or other changes.

2. Blood Tests

Blood tests can measure hormone levels. Also, you may have other blood tests, such as fasting cholesterol and triglyceride levels. A glucose tolerance test can measure your body’s response to sugar (glucose).

3. Ultrasound

An ultrasound can check the presence of your ovaries and the thickness of your uterine lining. A rotating device (transducer) is placed in your vagina. The transducer emits sound waves that are translated into images on a computer screen.

If you are diagnosed with this problem during the test, then the doctor suggests some special treatment, diet, and lifestyle changes, etc.

Difference Between PCOD and PCOS

PCOD and PCOS are different from each other. However, their initial symptoms and treatment are similar. If they are in their early stages, they can be cured by making positive changes in lifestyle.

The main differences between PCOD and PCOS are as follows:-

  • PCOD is a common condition while PCOS is a serious problem.
  • PCOD is treatable with a healthy diet and lifestyle while treating PCOS requires positive lifestyle changes as well as medication.
  • PCOD is more common than PCOS. PCOS is seen in less number of women whereas the number of women suffering from PCOD is more in the world.
  • Pregnancy can be achieved with PCOD while pregnancy is difficult in case of PCOS.
  • Pregnant women with PCOS are at risk of developing diabetes while pregnant women with PCOD have little or no risk of developing diabetes.
  • If PCOS is not treated properly on time, it can lead to cancer of the uterus.

The major complications of PCOD are:

  • Decreased fertility.
  • Insensitivity.
  • Weight gain with increasing age.
  • Issues like high blood pressure and diabetes.
  • Increase in the amount of sugar in the body.
  • Dysfunction or problems with pregnancy.

Hence, it is important to be careful with the symptoms of PCOD and if you feel the same, a doctor should be contacted as soon as possible. The doctor will help you find the root cause of your problem and provide you with the right treatment.

Preventions For PCOD

Follow these important tips:

  • Take diet according to healthy and regular eating habits.
  • Avoid food with high chemicals.
  • Exercise regularly and keep the weight balanced.
  • Stay away from smoking and alcohol.
  • Reduce stress and do meditation regularly.

For maximum healthy benefits, follow these tips regularly. Apart from this, the doctor will give you some medicines or potions which will help in curing your problem.

To improve your health, adopt the above measures and get regular check-ups with your doctor. If you experience some of these symptoms, contact your doctor so that the underlying disorder of your problem can be discovered and appropriate treatment can be provided.

Treatment For PCOD Problem

If you are looking for PCOD Treatment, the following measures are taken for the treatment:

1. Use Drugs

Doctors may use testosterone or other hormone medications to treat the failure. Overlet and other menstrual control medicines are used to balance irregular periods.
Solution drugs are used to cure ovarian cysts.

2. Eat a Healthy Diet

This can mainly help by reducing the intake of sugar, fat, other bad fats and unhealthy foods. A healthy diet consists of foods like vegetables, fruits, whole grains, makhana, fresh milk, ginger and garlic.

3. Lose Weight

Losing weight strengthens the immune system in your body to fight diseases. Excess weight is unhealthy for your body and it becomes a reason for problems like diabetes and high blood pressure.

4. Do Yoga and Exercise

Doing regular yoga and exercise increases blood circulation in your body which keeps the ovary system healthy. Also, it also reduces your body weight.

5. Avoid Stress in Daily Life

Excessive stress can take a toll on your physical and mental health. You can use techniques like meditation, pranayama or yoga to reduce stress.

6. Get Regular Checkups with Your Doctor

Regular check-ups should be done with your doctor so that the root cause of your problem can be found and proper treatment can be provided.

Diet For PCOD Disease

These important tips for diet can be useful in this disease:

  • Eat a diet rich in vitamin D, as it may be deficient.
  • Eat healthy foods such as nutritious fruits, vegetables, nuts and butter.
  • Especially boiled eggs, soyabean, gram, moong dal and milk are good sources of protein.
  • Stay away from junk food. Junk food contains a lot of fried or non-fried oil, which adds to your problem.
  • Consume Ayurvedic medicines, such as Shatavari, Ashwagandha and Guggul.
  • Consuming Ayurvedic medicines improves health and helps in dealing with this disease.

Home Remedies for PCOD Disease

To treat this disease with home remedies, you are first suggested to make positive changes in your lifestyle. Home remedies may include the following:

  • Making positive changes in diet
  • Maintaining a healthy weight ie avoiding obesity
  • Regular exercise, yoga and meditation
  • Sleeping and waking up on time
  • Staying away from stress
  • Indulging in pleasures that bring you joy
  • Refraining from using tobacco, alcohol, or other narcotics
  • Not consuming excessively oily and spicy things
  • Consuming things rich in fiber and carbohydrates
  • Including eggs, curd and paneer in your diet
  • Reducing sweet things in your diet
  • Consuming green leafy vegetables, carrots, radish, beetroot and fresh fruits

Doctors suggest other means of treatment when lifestyle modifications and home remedies don’t work. This mainly includes certain medicines. And, keep in mind that avoid taking any medicines without prescription of a certified doctor.


PCOD is a hormonal disorder commonly seen in young women. It can happen due to many reasons, but in most of the cases it happens due to unhealthy lifestyle, wrong eating habits, inactive daily life, stress and substance abuse.

In rare cases, this disease can also cause problems in conceiving. Therefore, as soon as its symptoms appear, a specialist doctor should be consulted immediately.

Disclaimer : The article’s sole purpose is to wake you up for your health and to provide you the best collective and verified information. We do not recommend for any kind of medicine or treatment. You should only seek to your Doctor or Medical Counselor Because there is no one better than him.

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